What is Accounts Receivable?
As per Wiki
Accounts receivable is a legally enforceable claim for payment held by a business for goods supplied and/or services rendered that customers/clients have ordered but not paid for. These are generally in the form of invoices raised by a business and delivered to the customer for payment within an agreed time frame.
Or in very simple terms accounts receivable ledger consists of list of debtors to whom we have rendered a service or supplied goods along with details like invoice number, date of invoice, date wise payments received and outstanding receivables from a particular client or all in general. A customized template consisting of the basics of account receivable template can be downloaded here
Let me share the basic of how I created this template.
Row 1 = Enter Company/Business Name. Cells A1 to K1. Merged cells.
Row 2 = Heading of sheet. Cells B2 to K2. Merged cells. Headings can be put as Accounts Receivable Ledger or Debtors Ledger.
Row 3 = Multiple headings as numbered below
- Sub heading for Current Date in cell A3.
- Next cell B3 which will reflect the current date of system using the formula =TODAY(). Date will automatically change according to the system date. You don’t need to change it every time and this saves your time.
- Sub heading for Total Receivable in E3.
- In cell F3 shows total receivable till date from the data below. Formula used here is =SUM(F5:F23).
Row 4 = This row consist of sub headings for data input. For example see table below:
Invoice Date, Invoice number, Customer name, Total Amount of Bill, payment 1 and payment 2 and their respective date are details to be put while entering data.
For Due date you can set a function which automatically calculates number of days for you and show the exact date of payment. For this you need to set a function like this = cell address which contains date + Number of days for allowed. Here in our sheet it is 60 days. So the formula entered is =A5+60. Copied to all cells below by simple copy paste, this will apply the same settings to all cells below.
Balance here is calculated by deducting total amount of invoices of our customers – Sum (Payment1 + payment2) etc. In this template formula used is
If you have any queries or questions, share them in comments below and I will be more than happy to help you.