Petty Cash Book is a ready-to-use Excel template to systematically record and manage your petty or small daily routine payments.
Large businesses maintain Petty Cash Book to reduce the burden of ‘Main Cash Book’. by recording sundry expenses like postal, stationery, pantry, loading, etc.
What is a Petty Cash Book?
Petty Cash Book is a book of accounts to record sundry routine expenses of the business which are of small value. It is a type of cash book.
The Chief Cashier gives the Petty Cashier an amount of cash as an advance, to handle petty expenses for a fixed period.
When the petty balance is low or exhausted, the head cashier again allots the amount to the cashier. This process is either weekly or monthly.
Petty Cash Book Excel Template
We have created a simple and ready-to-use Petty Cash Book Excel Template with predefined formulas that are useful for businesses of all sizes.
Let’s discuss in detail the contents of the template.
Contents of Petty Cash Book Excel Template
The Petty Cash Book template has 2 sections which are mentioned below:
- Header Section
- Data Input Section
The header section consists of Your Company/Business Name and template heading “Petty Cash on Hand”.
The right-hand corner of the cell in blue display the amount of Petty Cash on Hand. It is derived by subtracting total expenses from the cash received from Chief Cashier in cell B21. See image below:
The Formula applied is =SUM(B4: B20)-SUM(E4: E20) or we can also use =SUM(B21-E21).
Both formulas reflect the same calculations.
If the totals of outward exceed against the totals of inward then the Petty cash on hand will be negative. Using conditional formatting the amount in cells turns red whenever there is a negative balance.
2. Data Input Section
The data input section consists of 2 sides; debit and credit.
The Debit side has the date and cash received from Chief Cashier, whereas the Credit side has all types of petty expenses like stationaries and printing, postage, loading, etc.
See the image below to understand it better:
You can increase or decrease subheadings for expenses as per your requirement.
In the end, the last row displays the Totals of both inward and outward entries.
Purpose of Maintaining Petty Cash Book
In big companies, the head cashier maintains the company’s general cash book. Payment and receipts of these amount to hundreds or thousands of dollars per day.
In addition to this, if the chief cashier has to maintain the sundry expenses in his book, his work increases and becomes hectic. Eventually hindering work efficiency.
Thus, to release his extra burden, handling of these small head expenses is given to assistant cashier, receptionist or other reliable staff.
Types of Petty Cash Systems
There are 2 types of Petty Cash Systems:
- Ordinary System
- Imprest System
1. Petty Cash Ordinary System
In the ordinary system, a sum of cash is given to the petty cashier. The petty cashier is responsible to record the sundry expenses.
Once the amount is spent, the record is presented to the head cashier for the review. The head cashier reviews the expenses and provides new funds to run the day to day expenditure again
2. Petty Cash Imprest System
Under the Petty Cash Imprest System, the head cashier provides a fixed feasible amount depending on previous spend history to the petty cashier for a given period. It can be either a week or a month depending on the volume of transactions.
The petty cashier spends the money under the given budget. Upon the completion of the period, the petty cashier submits the report of petty expenses to the head cashier for review.
After reviewing the head cashier will reimburse the spent amount and the petty cash amount is again equal to the agreed fixed amount.
Petty cash book has become a useful document to save time. Each payment made is under a particular head and not posted into the ledger separately. The head cashier enters this periodic total with a single entry as Petty Expenses in books of accounts.
Thus, in large businesses, both Cashbook and Petty Cash Book are very essential.
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