Definition – Allowable Deductions
According to US Tax Law, Allowable Deductions are the deductions allowed by IRS to a taxpayer to be subtracted from their gross income for a particular taxable year. They are also called above the line deductions.
Thus, deductions or expenditures allowed by IRS to be subtracted from gross income to reduce the taxable income for income tax are called allowable deduction.
Types of Allowable Deductions
There are basically 2 types of Allowable deductions:
- Standard Deductions
- Itemized Deductions
Taxpayers have a choice of taking a standard deduction or itemizing deductions. Hence, the taxpayer should use the type of deduction that results in the lowest tax.
1. Standard Deductions
Standard Deduction is a fixed amount allowed by IRS to the taxpayers.
The government sets the amount of standard deduction amount every year for each filing status. These amounts are different according to their filing status.
Single Filers – $ 6,300.
Married filing jointly – $ 12,600.
Head of House Hold – $ 9,300.
If the earning of a taxpayer is lower than these thresholds, they don’t have to pay income tax.
In addition to the standard deductions, a taxpayer can deduct some itemized expenses. Such deductions include the eligible student loan interest and moving expenses.
2. Itemized Deductions
The taxpayer adds up all the actual amounts of allowed deductions and claims the total in deductions from gross income.
In other words, the actual amount of allowed deductions is called itemized deductions.
Itemized deductions usually include mortgage interests, contributions to IRAs, property related taxes etc.
See image below for reference:
Form 1040 of Federal Tax Returns consists of all these allowable deductions at the end of the first page.
To download the form 1040 IRS website click on the link below:
The income after the standard/itemized deductions is called Adjusted Gross Income
To help our readers easily file their tax returns, we have made many free and downloadable templates.
Some of them are listed below:
- Adjusted Gross Income Calculator
- Traditional IRA Calculator
- Roth IRA Calculator
- Income Statement Projection
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