Labor Cost Percentage – Definition
Labor Cost Percentage is the percentage value of money spent on labor costs against the total revenue of the company during a specific period. It is the amount the company spends on salary and benefits.
In simple terms, this metric provides an overview of the amount of investment a company makes in its employees to generate each dollar of revenue. Employee Labor Percentage shows how well a company’s pay vs performance system works.
Formula To Calculate Labor Cost Percentage
To calculate Employee Labor Percentage you need to divide the total labor cost during a particular period by gross sales/revenue during the same period and multiply the result by 100.
Let us understand it with a simple example.
Company: ABC Ltd
Labor Costs (1 Year): $ 1,80,000
Revenue (1 Year): $ 5,30,000
Applying the above formula:
= $ 1,80,000 / $ 5,30,000 X 100
Applicability of Labor Cost Percentage
The cost of labor in small businesses is hard to control. Typically, these percentages range between 20 to 35 percent of gross sales. Percentages vary from industry to industry.
For example, labor cost/employee percentage is above 50% or more in service businesses. Whereas in manufacturing businesses, they maintain under 35%.
For a profitable business, revenue must grow faster than expenses. Labor Costs are part of operational expenses. Thus, evaluating and decreasing this metric provides helps the company to improve profitability.
An increase in this metric proves that the employees of a company are less efficient. This eventually decreases Employee Productivity.
Strategic steps like further training, automation or better technological support can help reduce it.
However, effective labor cost-cutting is very important. Reducing salaries/benefits too much can create problems. It also induces the financial burden on the company to recruit and retain productive employees.
You need to identify areas that reduce cost without hindering employee incentives and productivity.
Monitoring Labor Cost Revenue Percent along with Labour Cost per FTE helps you determine whether labor cost or reduced revenues is the actual factor affecting it.
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