Definition: MAGI – Modified Adjusted Gross Income
MAGI – Modified Adjusted Gross Income is a calculation of an individual’s income. It is used to determine eligibility for premium tax credits in income tax, for getting financial help or Medicaid.
It is calculated by taking your AGI (Adjusted Gross Income) and adding back several deductions.
These deductions can be student loan deductions, Deductions of IRA contributions, foreign income, deductions of foreign-housing, adoption expenses and deductions for higher-education costs.
How to Calculate MAGI?
There are two steps to calculate MAGI. First, you need to AGI and then add certain deductions such as student loan interest, tuition, rental loss and IRA contributions.
The formula to calculate MAGI is as follows:
GI(Gross Income) – Allowable Deduction = AGI
AGI + Special Deductions = MAGI
Gross Income: GI is your total income earned from various sources which include wage, interest, rent, capital gains, etc.
Allowable Deductions: These deductions include contributions to a retirement plan, student loan interest, health insurance payments of self-employed persons etc.
You can find the list of these allowable deductions in tax form 1040.
AGI: Gross income less of allowable deductions will provide your AGI.
Special Deductions: Special deductions include student loan deductions, Deductions of IRA contributions, foreign income, deductions of foreign-housing, adoption expenses and deductions for higher-education costs.
Thus, you derive your MAGI.
Usually, MAGI – Modified Adjusted Gross Income and AGI – Adjusted Gross Income of an individual are similar.
- A small difference can affect an individual’s overall tax return.
- Higher MAGI reduces the deductions of IRA contributions, sometimes even to zero.
- Higher MAGI will help you get certain benefits of Affordable Care Act.
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